欢迎光临广东自考网!有关于成人自考本科,自考大专,成人高考,学历提升,考取资格证书等,请免费咨询拨打24小时热线:18688958167!!!

广东自考网

您现在的位置是:首页 > 成人高考

成人高考

高中英语学业水平考知识点重难点(高中学业水平考试题是什么?)

发布时间:2021-11-19 20:17:10 成人高考 19 来源:广东自考网

假如把高中三年去应战高考看作一次越野长距离跑的话,那么高中二年级是这个长距离跑的中段。与起点比较,它少了许多的鼓舞、等待,与结尾比较,它少了许多的掌声、加油声。它是孤身斗争的阶段,是一个耐力、毅力、自控力比拼的阶段。下面是小编给咱们带来的高中英语学业水平考试知识点,欢迎咱们阅览!

高中英语学业水平考试知识点1

【The British Isles知识点】

1. Name five important cities in the United Kingdom. 说出联合王国(即英国)中五座重要城市的姓名。(p.33 Warming Up Ex.2)

name动词,意为“说出……的称号(姓名);给……取名,命名;录用,提名;决议,说定”等。如:① Can you name all the plants and trees in this garden? 你能叫得出这个花园的一切花草树木的称号吗?

② The couple named the child Dick. 这对配偶给孩子取名迪克。

③ Mr. Michael has been named as the new manager. 迈克尔先生被录用为新的司理。

④ Please name the day for our wedding. 请(你)决议咱们婚礼的日子。

【拓宽】name构成的短语:worth (worthy of) the name当之无愧的;in the name of凭……的;以……的名义;call sb. names谩骂或人;name… after … 以……姓名命名;name sb. for提名或人担任(某职务);know sb. by name只是知道或人的姓名(没有见过面)

2. The conversation workshop is taught on Wednesday afternoon. 说话技巧研讨会的上课时刻是星期三的下午。(p.33 Listening Ex.1 No. 1)

1) 上句中workshop的词义并非“车间;工厂;作坊;工作室”之意,而是“研习会,专题学术讨论会”的意思。

2) 介词on表明时刻的用法:

(1) 用在“日期 (date),几号”和“星期几”之前。

如: on July 1st (= on the first of July)在7月l号(那一天);

on Wednesday在星期三;

on Sundays每当星期天

(2) 用在“特定”的早、晚、日间、上午、下午等之间。

如: on the morning/afternoon/night of Oct. 1st 在10月1日的上午/下午/晚上;

on a cold night in January在一月的一个冰冷的夜晚;

on the eve of the war在战役前夕;

on New Year’s Day在新年(那天)

(3) 用在某些动名词之前,作“在……之时”讲。

如:① They greeted us on our arrival. 他们在咱们抵达时迎接了咱们。

② I’ll show you the book on my return. 我一回来就让你看一下这本书。

③He got married immediately on his graduation. 他一结业就结了婚。

(4) 用在某些动名词之前,作“一……就……”讲。

如:① On arriving at my destination, I went to see my friend. 一到目的地,我便去看我的朋友。② On leaving school, he went into business. 一结业,他便经起商来。

③ On hearing the good news, he jumped with joy. 一听到这个好消息,他快乐地跳了起来。

(5) 和occasion/opportunity等词连用,表明“在某一特别的机遇或场合”。

如:① I send you my best wishes on this happy occasion. 值此佳期,我奉上对你最夸姣的祝福。 ② I will have a word with him on the first opportunity. 一有时机,我要跟他聊聊。

3. What are the opening hours of the language lab? 言语实验室的开门时刻是几点到几点? (p.34 Listening Ex.3 No. 3)

上句中opening是形容词,意为“第一次的,最初的,开端的,开幕的”。别的,opening亦可用作名词,意为“敞开,开端,口儿,通路”等。

如: ① His opening remarks are very attractive. 他的开场白很有吸引力。

②The opening hours of the banks there are different. 那儿的银行的开门营业时刻不相同。

③ This is the opening of the new play. 这是这部新戏的首场扮演。

④ He attended the opening of the new museum. 他到会了新博物馆的开幕典礼。

⑤ He put a gate across the opening in the fence. 他在围墙的开口处安了一个门。

4. Try to reach agreement on main points.尽量在首要观念上达到共同。(p.34 Speaking)

上句中的agreement意为“赞同,共同,协议”。常构成如下词组:

(1) in agreement on/upon/about…在/关于…”定见共同;(语法)相共同,照应

① We are in agreement on that point.关于那一点咱们定见共同。

② They are still not in agreement about the plan. 他们在这个计划上定见仍是不共同。

③ The predicate should be in agreement with the subject in person and number. 谓语和主语应该在人称和数方面保持共同。

(2) come to (arrive at, reach, make) an agreement with sb. 与或人达到协议。

① They have made an agreement about the plan. 他们在这个计划上定见共同了

② An agreement should be reached immediately with the company on that point. 关于哪一点应该与哪家公司赶快达到协议。

5. Other people think geography is confusing and difficult to learn… 其他人以为地理课使人感到紊乱无序,很难学…… (p.34 Speaking Ex. 2 第二行)

confusing (adj.)令人模糊的,使人紊乱的;confuse (vt.) 使紊乱,使模糊;confused (adj.) (或人)模糊的,搞紊乱的;confuse sb./sth. with sb. /sth. 把……和……弄混。

如:① That is exactly to confuse black with white. 那简直是混杂黑白。

② We tried to confuse the enemy.咱们企图利诱敌人。

③ They asked me so many questions that I got confused. 他们问了我许许多多的问题,把我弄模糊了。

④ Don’t confuse Austria with Australia.不要把奥地利与澳大利亚弄混杂了。

⑤ He was (became, got) confused with his mistake. 他因犯了过错而手足无措。

高中英语学业水平考试知识点2

一、不定式做主语:

1、不定式做主语一般表明具体的某次动作。===动名词doing 表明习气的,常常的动作。

e.g: To finish the building in a month is difficult.

To do such things is foolish.

To see is to believe. (对等)

注: 1). 不定式作主语时,谓语用奇数

2). 当主语较长,谓语较短时,常用it做方式主语,而将不定式放到谓语的后边。

it做方式主语,不定式放在谓语动词之后常用于下列结构中:

(1)It is/was +adj.+of sb. to do…

(2) It is +adj.+for sb.+to do…

It is easy / difficult / hard / foolish / unwise / right / wrong / unnecessary

(3) it is +a +名词+ to do…

It is a pity / a pleasure / a pleasant thing / one’s duty / an honor / a shame / a crime / no easy job… to do

It takes (sb.) some time / courage / patience …to do…

It requires courage / patience / hard work… to do…

留意: probable 和 possible 均可作表语,但possible能够用不定式作实在主语, 而probable不能用不定式作实在主语。

It is probable for him to come to the meeting.(错)

It is possible for him to come to the meeting.

It is possible / probable that he will come to the meeting.

二、不定式做表语

主语是以aim duty hope idea intention plan job suggestion wish purpose task 等为中心词的名词词组 或以 what 引导的名词性从句表明,后边的不定式阐明其内容, 不定式作表语常表明将来或现在的动作或状况。

eg :My idea is to climb the mountain from the north.

Your mistake was not to write that letter.

What I would suggest is to start work at once.

三 、动词不定式作宾语

以不定式结构为宾语的动词有:

ask, agree, care, choose, demand, decide, expect, fail, help, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, want, wish等只能用动词不定式作宾语

口诀(接不定式作宾语的动词)

想要学习 早计划( want learn plan)

快预备 有期望( prepare hope wish expect)

赞同否 供挑选(agree offer choose)

决议了 已容许(decide be determined promise)

极力去 着手做(manage undertake)

别回绝 别伪装(refuse pretend)

失利不是归于你(fail)

e.g.Tom refused to lend me his pen.

We hope to get there before dark.

The girl decided to do it herself.

高中英语学业水平考试知识点3

1. first aid 的意思是“急救”,例如:first aid to the injured 给予伤员的急救。

短语联想

give/offer aid 协助 come to sb’s aid 协助或人

teaching aids 教具 medical aid 医疗救助

with the aid of 借助于

get injured 受伤,在现代英语中大量地呈现了由“get + 及物动词不达意的过去分词”构成的被动语态,这叫 get – 型被动语态。又如:

The computer got (was)damaged when we were moving.

My bike is getting (is being)repaired row.

2. Protect 动词,“保护、保护”,用于句式“protect + 名词 + against/from + 名词”。

e.g. He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight.

【短语联想】

? Keep… from… 不让/避免

? stop… (from) … 阻挠

? prevent…(from) … 阻碍/避免

?disable… from… 使……失掉(才能/资历)

?save… from… 抢救、解救

3.depend on 取决于。

e.g. The amount you pay depends on where you live.词义拓宽

depend on 依托,依托:His family depends on him. 他的一家人全赖他养活。

依托,信赖:We are depending on you to finish the job by Friday.

4. squeeze 动词,意思是“剥削”、“挤出”,例如:squeeze an orange 榨橘子

squeeze + 名词 + out(of/from) + 名词,

e.g. Those blackmailers intended to squeeze more money out of him.

5. hurt 既可作及物动词,作“损伤”、“使受伤”解,也可作不及物动词,作“痛苦”、“感到痛苦”解。既可表达身体的受伤,也能够表达情感的损伤。例如:

e.g. The little boy has fallen off a ladder and hurt himself.

The driver hurt himself in the accident. 司机在事端中受了伤。

6. unless 除非……;假如不……。如:

7. icy adj. 冰凉的

-y 是个形容词后缀。如:

windy 有风的 hilly 多小山的 sleepy 疲倦的

greeny 略呈绿色 spicy 辛辣的 woody 树木茂盛的

thirsty 饥渴的 dirty 脏的 snowy 下雪的

8. in place 放在恰当的当地。如:

e.g. The librarian put the returned books in place. 图书管理员把还回的图书放到原处。

Yon’d better put things back in place.Otherwise, it will be difficult to find things.

9. sense n. 感觉

?sense of touch 触觉 sense of sight 视觉

? sense of hearing 听觉 sense of smell 嗅觉

? sense of humour 幽默感 sense of beauty 美感

?ense of hunger 饥饿感 the sixth sense 第六感

10. variety n. 多样, 品种,

★ a variety of… 各式各样……

高中英语学业水平考试知识点4

1.dream of/about (doing) sth. 愿望;梦想

2. pretend to do / be 伪装做某事

3. to be honest 说实话

be honest with sb. 对或人率直

be honest in sth. 率直供认

4. attache… to以为有(重要性、含义);附上;衔接

5. form the habit of 养成……的习气

6. perform偏重扮演的才能、技巧或作用;主语能够是人或动物

act 偏重“扮演、担任”某一人物,偏重于动作,主语通常是人。

performance n.扮演;演奏;扮演

7. in cash 用现金,用现钱

pay in cash 给现金;现金支付

by credit card 用信用卡

by cheque / check 用支票

8. play a joke on sb.=play jokes on sb. 玩弄

make fun of 玩弄;讪笑

laugh at sb. 讪笑

9. rely on =depend on 依托,盼望

10. or so “大约;……左右”

11. break up打碎;割裂;溃散;遣散;完毕;(校园)放假

break down出毛病;拆毁;失利;精力溃散;(身体)垮

break into破门而入

break off 中止;绝交;忽然中止

break out 迸发;忽然产生

break away from脱离;脱节

12. above all: 最重要的是,特别,首要

in all: 总共;总计

after all: 究竟;毕竟;别忘了

at all: (否定句)底子,彻底 (疑问句)究竟

高中英语学业水平考试知识点5

1.prefer

Prefer doing…to doing…

Prefer to do rather than do

2.advantages/disadvantages优势/下风

2.Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.从高中起,我姐姐王维和我就一向愿望做一次巨大的自行车旅游。

连词since引导的时刻状语从句用一般过去时,介词since与时刻点连用

It is/has been+一段时刻+since+一般过去时自从……至今现已多久了。

3.persuade sb to do sth=persuade sb into doing sth压服或人做某事

4.着重句型It is/was+被着重部分+that/who

着重句型能够着重除谓语动词以外的任何语句成份。一般来说,假如被着重部分是人时,用连词that或who;假如被着重部分是物,只能用连词that。

not…until的着重句

5.be fond of喜爱,喜爱

6.Although虽然,虽然,引导退让状语从句

① although 从句多在句首,though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何方位,并且though 能够作副词用于句末,作“可是,不过”讲,而although 无此用法。

② as though(似乎,如同),even though(即便,虽然)中不能用although。

③ though 引导的退让状语从句能够倒装(将表语、状语、神态动词后的动词原形前置到句首,此用法同as),而 although 不能够。

7.insist on doing sth/sth.一定要、坚持建议

She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly.

她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开大

11.care about关怀 在乎

care for喜爱,照料,照料

12.change one’s mind改动主见

13.experience阅历/经历

14.Once可作为隶属连词,作“一(旦)……就……”解,衔接一个表明时刻的状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时\现在完成时表将来。

Once you have begun you must continue.

15.give in退让 give up 抛弃

16.instead of替代,而不是

17.make up one’s mind to do下定决心做某事

18.a large parcel of一大包

19.as usual像平常相同

20.put up our tent搭帐篷

21.stay awake睡不着,醒着stay up熬夜

22.for company做伴

23.lie beneath the stars躺在星空下

24.can hardly wait to do=can’t wait to do刻不容缓做某事

25.go in the right direction走正确的方向

26.at a very slow pace.以很慢的速度

27.be similar to类似于

28.afford to do sth付得起,能承当

29.be tired from因……而疲惫be tired of对……厌恶

30.be in high spirits欢天喜地,兴致勃勃

31.come true完成,成真

32.give sb some advice on doing…

33.a guide to………的攻略

34.on a tour在旅游中,在巡演中

35.in detail具体地

高中英语学业水平考知识点重难点